Enterprise Linux High Availability Clustering

The GL645 is an in-depth course that focuses on two key areas, Linux advanced storage administration and high availability (HA) clustering. Storage is integral to many HA clusters so as to make use of clustered storage technologies to enable active/active configurations.

Over the course of many in-depth lab exercises each student will assemble a realistic three-node Linux cluster utilizing best practices. Each node has three network interfaces and each student's cluster has its own dedicated VLAN.

The class contains an LIO storage array for shared LUNs among the nodes. This enables students to perform very real world tasks in a real world setting, including multipathing, redundant ring cluster communication, quorum disk, and last man standing cluster scenarios. Course topics include: iSCSI, GlusterFS, UDEV, Device Mapper and Multipathing, Cluster LVM, Global File System v2, Corosync, Red Hat Cluster Manager, Fencing, and Cluster Resource Management.

The unprecedented real world nature of this class requires a classroom configuration that would be daunting (but not impossible) to put together in a physical classroom. The Guru Labs online classroom solution, RLABS, instantly and easily deploys a classroom with the exact configuration needed. Students will be able to focus on the course topics rather than configuration settings outside the scope of the course.

Course Outline

INTRODUCTION TO CLUSTERING AND STORAGE MANAGEMENT

  • Clustering Introduction

  • Cluster Building Blocks

  • Shared Storage

  • Hardware and Software Requirements

  • Network Considerations

  • Split Brain Prevention with Fencing

  • HA Components

  • Clustered Resources

  • Configuration Tools

  • Red Hat Cluster Stack Roadmap

  • Running Commands on Multiple Systems


LAB TASKS

  • Running Commands on Multiple Hosts

  • Prepare System for Clustering

  • Static Network Configuration


COROSYNC AND QUORUM MANAGEMENT

  • Vocabulary

  • Network Topology

  • Ethernet Bonding

  • Communication Methods

  • IPv6 Considerations

  • Cluster Node Preparation

  • Enable and Configure pcsd

  • PCS & PCSD

  • Cluster Quorum

  • Advanced Quorum Techniques

  • Corosync

  • Corosync - Redundant Ring Protocol (RRP)

  • Corosync Security

  • Joining and Leaving the Cluster

  • Quorum Administration

  • Upgrading


LAB TASKS

  • Install and Configure PCSD

  • Setup a Two Node Cluster

  • Setup a Three Node Cluster with PCS

  • Totem RRP

  • PCS GUI


STONITH AND FENCING

  • Fencing Introduction

  • Node Level Fencing

  • Node Fencing: External

  • Node Fencing: Internal

  • Node Fencing: Pseudo

  • Resource Level Fencing

  • Fencing Architecture

  • STONITH Subsystem

  • Fencing Agents

  • Fencing Agents listing

  • Resource Spotlight: IPAddr2

  • STONITH Resources

  • Working With stonith_admin

  • Manual Fencing

  • Best Practices


LAB TASKS

  • Suicide Fencing with Storage Based Death

  • Fencing with fence_scsi


PACEMAKER CLUSTER RESOURCE MANAGER

  • Cluster Architecture Revisited

  • Pacemaker Architecture

  • Pacemaker Cluster Information Base (CIB)

  • Resource Management Overview

  • Component Relationships

  • Resource Agents

  • Types of Resources

  • Resource Naming Conventions

  • Resource Specific Parameters/Options

  • Resource Meta Parameters/Options

  • Resource Agent Operations

  • Discover Resource Agents

  • Available Resource Agents

  • Add a Primative Resource

  • Resource Group Management

  • Resource Group Example

  • Resource Actions: Monitoring

  • Resource Administration

  • PCS vs. CRM_*


LAB TASKS

  • Simple Management with PCS-GUI

  • Using Resource Groups


ADVANCED RESOURCE CONFIGURATION

  • Resource Placement Basics

  • Resource Ordering

  • Location Constraints

  • Relocating Resources

  • Relocation on Failure

  • Resource Standard: Clones & Multi-State

  • Resource Operations

  • Troubleshooting

  • Cluster Maintenance


LAB TASKS

  • Setup a Web Farm

  • Using Constraints

  • Cluster Monitoring


STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES

  • Remote Storage Overview

  • Remote Filesystem Protocols

  • Remote Block Device Protocols

  • Distributed Lock Manager

  • dlm_controld & dlm_tool

  • Block Devices and the Device Mapper

  • Managing Loopback Devices


LAB TASKS

  • Manipulating Block Devices


ISCSI

  • iSCSI Architecture

  • iSCSI Target Implementations

  • iSCSI Target Node Preparation & targetcli

  • iSCSI Target Administration

  • iSCSI Target Defining Storage Objects

  • iSCSI Target LUN Administration

  • iSCSI Target Network Portal Configuration

  • iSCSI Target Security

  • iSCSI Target Examples

  • Open-iSCSI Initiator Implementation

  • iSCSI Initiator Discovery

  • iSCSI Initiator Node Administration

  • Mounting iSCSI Targets at Boot

  • iSCSI Multipathing Considerations


LAB TASKS

  • iSCSI Initiator Configuration


KERNEL DEVICE MANAGEMENT

  • Managing Linux Device Files

  • Kernel Hardware Info /sys/

  • /sys/ Structure

  • udev

  • I/O Elevators


LAB TASKS

  • Creating Custom UDEV Rules


DEVICE MAPPER AND MULTIPATHING

  • SAN Multipathing

  • Multipath Configuration

  • Multipathing Best Practices


LAB TASKS

  • Multipath Configuration


ADVANCED LVM & CLUSTER LVM

  • Logical Volume Management

  • Implementing LVM

  • Creating Logical Volumes

  • Activating LVM VGs

  • Exporting and Importing a VG

  • Examining LVM Components

  • Changing LVM Components

  • Advanced LVM Overview

  • Advanced LVM: Components & Object Tags

  • Advanced LVM: Automated Storage Tiering

  • Advanced LVM: Thin Provisioning

  • Advanced LVM: Striping & Mirroring

  • Advanced LVM: RAID Volumes

  • cLVM


LAB TASKS

  • Creating and Managing LVM Volumes

  • cLVM


GLOBAL FILE SYSTEM (GFS) 2

  • GFS2 Overview

  • GFS2 Capabilities

  • GFS2 Theory of Operation

  • GFS2 Configuration Prerequisites

  • Setting Up Cluster LVM

  • GFS2 Filesystem Creation & Mounting

  • GFS2 Filesystem Management

  • GFS2 Fencing Requirement


LAB TASKS

  • GFS2

Audience

This course requires an advanced knowledge of Linux system administration. These skills are taught in the SL-250 "Enterprise Linux Systems Administration" and SL-120 "Linux Fundamentals".

 

Available Course Dates

07/17/2017 10:00 am - 07/20/2017 6:00 pm
09/25/2017 10:00 am - 09/28/2017 6:00 pm
10/24/2017 10:00 am - 10/26/2017 6:00 pm
12/11/2017 10:00 am - 12/14/2017 6:00 pm
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